Convention against Torture

The CAT, adopted in 1984 and entered into force in 1989, added an important pillar to the international protection of human rights. The convention, which deals with the right not to be subjected to torture, lays out the steps to be taken by states to prevent torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. It has been ratified by 119 countries.

For the full document see:
Document at Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Human Development report 2000, published by undp page 44.