International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

The ICERD was adopted in 1965 and enetered into force in 1969, in the aftermath of decolonization, a period characterized by apartheid and racial and ethnic conflicts. It deals with a particular form of discrimination - that based on race, color, descent or national or ethnic origin. The convention has been ratified by 155 countries.

For the full document see:
Document at the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Human Development report 2000, published by UNDP page 44.