Preamble section 3:
Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law,


The third recital of the Preamble represents an attempt by the drafters to deal with the vexed question of whether ?rebellion against tyranny? should be regarded as a basic human right. By in effect avoiding the question, the third recital asserts that the eventuality of rebellion can be diminished through protecting human rights by the rule of law.

Peter Danchin, Columbia University