In the spring of 1893, Fridtjof Nansen and the crew of the Fram set off determined to reach the North Pole by applying the revolutionary theory of a westerly polar ocean current. By March 1895, Nansen realized that the Fram would not drift to the North Pole. He and Hjalmar Johansen left the Fram seeking the North Pole. Their progress toward the pole was painstakingly slow due to the poor weather conditions. As a result, upon reaching 86 degrees 14 minutes, they turned around to winter in Franz Josef Land. Instead they wintered on Jackson Island (naming it after British explorer Jackson). On August 13, 1896 Nansen and Johansen arrived at the port of Vardø. At the same time, the Fram had just come out of the pack ice near Spitsbergen.