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'Hindu' is ultimately derived from the name of the Indus River, and originally meant 'Indian'; Dr. Ambedkar rightly points out in Section 6 that it's not an Indic word. Its early history in English and other European languages is chronicled in the British colonial dictionary Hobson-Jobson. Dr. Ambedkar identifies it throughout this essay with belief in the four traditional hierarchically organized Varnas of the Caste System; see especially Section 15.

Professor Rachel McDermott discusses modern problems over the term Hindu.

Professor Dennis Dalton discusses the controversy over Hinduism between Gandhi and Ambedkar.