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In Sanskrit, the 'State of Four Varnas.' This name was given by the Arya Samaj to Swami Dayanand's insistence that the four Varnas should be retained, but should be based on merit rather than on birth. The Swami never explained in much detail how this classification of individuals should be performed; his most systematic statement on the subject appeared in the Satyarth Prakash. Dr. Ambedkar uses the name 'Chaturvarnya' mostly for the Arya Samaj theory, but in a few places he uses it to mean the Caste System as well.