1954 Supreme Court decision on school integration

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Here Malcolm is alluding to the landmark Supreme Court decision Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education which (supposedly) ended segregation in public schools and most public accommodations. This decision reversed the previous decision in the 1892 case of Plessy vs. Ferguson that instituted the "separate but equal doctrine." Brown vs. Board of Education found that due to gross discrimination and a disparity in funding "separate was inherently unequal" thereby invalidating the Plessy Decision (JAC).