A 1993 study looked at perceived misconduct in a survey of professors and graduate students in four disciplines over a period of five years. Inappropriate co-authorship was slightly greater than plagiarism as a problem.


Writing papers and reviewing the manuscripts and grant applications of others are vital activities for a researcher and academic. Getting appropriate credit and taking responsibility for work are key issues in authorship, and discussion of the allocation of roles in a future manuscript are important as students, faculty, postdoctoral fellows, and others begin and continue a project. Misunderstandings can arise, but resources are available to help resolve them. Maintaining the confidentiality of material under review in a manuscript and acknowledging potential conflicts of interest are also important in the peer-review process.

Please take a moment to review the Learning Objectives for this module and perhaps to return to the core of the module to cover areas you might have skipped over initially but which hold some interest for you.

We have again provided the Challenge Questions, so that you may re-read the questions equipped with the knowledge you have acquired and compare your answers at this stage with the answers to the same questions given at the start of the module.

Finally, for the benefit of Columbia University members we have provided a link to Rascal, the university’s Research Administration System. Once in Rascal, you may test your knowledge of the RCR modules and upon completion of the test, a permanent record will be stored as verification of RCR training. This may prove invaluable as the Department of Human and Health Services and other grant funding agencies may require RCR training for researchers in the future.

Rascal is a Web-based application that is constructed to improve resources available to faculty/researchers for information in planning, analysis and management decision-making. RASCAL's responsibility is to provide access to research information for the entire Columbia research community. The openness of RASCAL technology will allow authorized access to central administrators, researchers, and departmental administrators at all levels of need.

To further test your knowledge of the module, please visit: https://www.rascal.columbia.edu/. Please be advised that you will be required to submit a Columbia University UNI and password. After logging in, go to the Testing Center and select the test for this module.

We thank you for your attention and interest.


Return to: → Responsible Conduct of Research Courses Portal