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half-time

A rhythmic device in which the melody continues at a fixed tempo while the accompanying instruments double the tempo.

hard bop

A loose term for a large variety of jazz styles that appeared after bebop in the 1950s.


Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers (1958)

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harmony

Simultaneous sounding of two or more tones.

head arrangement

A musical arrangement made up (usually collectively) during a performance.

hi-hat cymbal

Two cymbals on a single rod that snap together when operated by a foot pedal.


Max Roach

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hocket

The division of a melody into separate parts for different voices or instruments, resulting in a kind of cross-talk.

homophony

An individualized and loose form of unison, especially in early jazz.

honk

A low note played loudly on a reed instrument. (See also overblowing).

hot

Hot jazz (as distinct from the music of sweet bands or commercial music) was a name for early jazz.

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