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jam session

Also "jamming." The most informal of jazz arrangements, and one which depends solely on the shared knowledge of the players. It was once a common practice among jazz musicians, often occurring after hours, in clubs or spaces set aside for musicians and their friends to be entertained and to learn their trade. Recordings such as Norman Granz's Jazz at the Philharmonic were packaged jam sessions that were put onstage around the world.

jive

Doubletalk; deceptive speech; fakery in playing; also once a popular name for the music during the swing era.

jump

Also "jump band." A sub-style of swing played by small bands in the late 1930s and 1940s that combined strong rhythms, riff tunes, blues, and pop songs. A precursor to rhythm and blues.


Louis Jordan, "Caldonia"

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